Friday, June 5, 2009

Fun with Potatoes

Luther Burbank is the father of the Idaho potato, the Burbank Russet potato, to be precise. This is the tater that comes to mind when you think of this noble tuber. Burbank only had an elementary school education but he was passionate about science and is credited with an incredible assortment of contributions to horticulture. (He also developed the Shasta Daisy).

Burbank Russets are easily identified by their smooth brown jackets and creamy white flesh. They're excellent mashed, baked, fried, creamed, riced, diced.... You get the picture. As a vegetable, it's difficult to come up with anything quite as versatile.

Today the potato has taken on a rainbow assortment of hues. Yukon golds have rich, yellow flesh, and you can even find purple taters that have an interesting tint. Somehow, purple mashed potatoes don't seem all that appetizing, but there's no accounting for personal preference.

Pontiac reds have a deep red skin and white flesh and are preferred by many for their sweet, smooth consistency. They're often served with the skins on.

That brings us to one color that's not on the menu. Green. Just like its nightshade relative, the tomato plant, the potato has leaves high in alkaloid toxin. These can cause illness if ingested.

The potato tuber is the edible part of this plant. Potatoes exposed to sunlight will develop green patches on their skin, and sometimes this greening extends into the fleshy part of the tater. This green is chlorophyll and indicates that solanine is present. This has a bitter taste and is not good to eat.

If the green patch is small, simply lop it off and you can safely use the rest of the potato. However, if the green has turned the interior of the potato an off-white, greenish hue, discard the potato. It's not going to taste good or be good for you.

White, yellow, red, purple = Yes! Green = No!

3 comments:

  1. I didn't know potatoes could be so much fun. I've cut back over the years to keep my waist line in line. But I love potatoes. I'm going to the store today and buy some red russet potatoes. I love garlic (not too much) and butter mashed potatoes, but hold the sour cream.

    - Stephen Tremp
    http://www.stephentremp.blogspot.com/

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  2. My hubby's father grew and sold potatoes in Plainview, Texas from a company called, "The Shed." I'm told those potatoes were used in Lay's potato chips back in the day. I'm with Stephen, I minimize the amount of potatoes I eat, but sure do love them. My intuition was right about those green spots, though. Cut them off!
    Karen
    http://www.karenfollowingthewhispers.blogspot.com

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  3. Potatoes are so good. I love them fried in a little olive oil with lots of chopped onions.

    I've been told not to store potatoes in the refrigerator, but I know many people who do. Is there a reason that we should or should not?

    Patricia

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~ I'm the author of Headwind: The Intrepid Adventures of OSS Agent Katrin Nissen. If you're a WWII buff, you'll like it here!